Recipes/Cooking Glossary

Recipes/Cooking Glossary of Indian Spices, Masala Powders, Herbs/Leaves, Grains, Lentils, Flours, Oils, Cooking Ingredients, Food Items, Fruits, Nuts, Vegetables etc. along with a Measurement Chart.

Spices Glossary
Leaves
Masala Powders Glossary
Nuts/Dry Fruits
Milk Products
Grains and Lentils Glossary
Flours
Fruits
Vegetables
Oils
Sauces and Chutneys
Measurement Chart

Spices

English Hindi Kannada
Carom Seeds / Thym / Oregano Ajwain Oma Kalu
Cardamom Elachi Elakki
Cinnamon Dalchini Chakke
Cloves Laung Lavang
Cumin Seeds Jeera / Zeera Jirige
Coriander Seeds Dhaniya Kottumbari beeja
Fenugreek Seeds Dana Methi Menthe
Fennel Seeds Badi Saunf Bedesoppu
Mustard Seeds Rai / Sarson Sasive Kalu
Black Pepper / Pepper Corn Kali Mirch Kalu Menasina Kalu
Poppy Seeds Khus-Khus Gasagase
Sesame Seeds Til Ellu
Star Anise Badayan / Chakri Phool Pineapple Moggu
Kapok Buds Shalmali / Semul Marathi Moggu
Saffron Zafraan Kesar Strands
Dry Ginger Sondh Vana Shunti
Rock Candy Mishri Kallu Sakkare
Nutmeg Jaiphal Jayikai
Black Stone Flower Pattar ke phool / Dagad Phool Kallu Huvu
Black Cardamom Badi Elachi Dodda/Kappu Elakki
Ginger Adrak Shunti
Garlic Lasan Bellulli
Tamarind Imli Hunasehannu
Caraway Seeds / Black Cumin Seeds Shahi Jeera/ Shajeera Shime Jeerige
Red Chilli Lal Mirch Kempu Menasina Pudi
Mace Javitri Japatre
Onion Seeds / Nigella Kalaunji Nirulli / Erulli Beeja
Black Salt Kala Namak Saindvya Lavana
Dill Seeds Sowa / Suva Sabbasige Beeja
Flax Seeds Alsi Flax Seeds
Olives Jaitun Olives
Alum Pitakari Spatika
Broken Wheat / Couscous Lapsi Godhi Kadi
Yeast Khameer Yeast
Salt Namak Uppu
Sugar Shakkar / Chini Sakkare
Jaggery Gur Bella
Garcinia Indica Kokum Murinodu

Leaves

English Hindi Kannada
Basil Tulsi Tulasi
Bay Leaf Teg Patta Palav Patre
Mint Leaves Pudina Pudina Soppu
Curry Leaves Curry Patta Karibevina Soppu
Coriander Leaves / Cilantro Dhaniya Patta Kottumbari Soppu
Spinach Palak Palak Soppu
Dill Leaves Sowa / Suva Patta Sabbasige Soppu
Betal Leaf Pan Viledele
Spring Onions Kandey Ke Patte Nirulli / Erulli soppu
Fenugreek Leaves Methi Patta Menthe Soppu
Lettuce Kasmisaag -

Masala Powders

English Hindi Kannada
Paprika / Red Chilli Powder Lal Mirch Kharada Pudi
Turmeric Powder Haldi Arashina
Asafoetida / Asafetida Hing Ingu
Pepper Powder Kali Mirch Kalu Menasina Pudi
Dry Mango Powder Amchur Onagida Mavina Pudi
Cumin Seed Powder Jeera Powder Jirige Pudi
Coriander Powder Dhaniya Powder Kottambari Pudi
Garam Masala Powder Garam Masala Garam Masala
Channa Masala Powder Channa Masala Channa Masala
Kitchen King Masala Powder Kitchen King Masala Kitchen King Masala
Ginger Powder Adrak Powder Shunti Pudi
China Salt / Tasting Salt Ajinomoto Ajinomoto
White Pepper Powder Safed Mirch Powder Bili Kalu Menasina Pudi
Dried Fenugreek Leaves Kasoori Methi Onagida Menthe Soppu
Baking Powder Baking Powder Baking Powder
Cooking / Baking Soda Cooking / Baking Soda Soda Pudi
Rasam Powder Rasam Powder Sarina Pudi
Sambar Powder Sambar Powder Sambar / Huli Pudi
Curry Powder Sabzi / Sabji Powder Palyada Pudi
Chat Masala Powder Chat Masala Chat Masala
Chutney Powder Chutney Powder Chutney Pudi
Pav Bhaji Masala Powder Pav Bhaji Masala Pav Bhaji Masala Pudi
Biryani / Palav Masala Powder Biryani / Palav Masala Biryani / MTR Palav Masala Pudi
Tea Masala Powder Chai Masala Chaha Masala Pudi
Citric Acid Nimbo Phool Citric Acid

Nuts / Dry Fruits

English Hindi Kannada
Apricot Jardalu Apricot
Cashew Nuts Kaju Godambi
Raisins Kishmish Drakshi
Walnuts Akroot Akroot
Almond Badam Badami
Pistachi Pista Pista
Dates Kajoor Karjura
Fig Anjeer / Anjir Anjoor
Dry Coconut Kopra Kobbari
Groundnut / Peanut Moongphali Shenga /
Honey Shahad / Madhu Jenu Tuppa
Dried Pumpkin / Water Melon Seeds Magaz Kallangadi Beeja
Gooseberry Indian (Emblica) Amla Nellikai

Milk Products

English Hindi Kannada
Milk Doodh Halu
Coconut Milk Nariyal ka Doodh Tenginakai Haalu
Cottage Cheese Paneer Paneer
Dried Whole Milk Khoa, Mava, Khoya Khova
Yoghurt / Curd Dahi Mosaru
Butter Milk Lassi Majjige
Clarified Butter Ghee Tuppa
Butter Makkan Benne
Cream Malai Kene
Condensed Milk / Milkmaid - -

Grains & Lentils

English Hindi Kannada
Pigeon Pea Toor Dal Togari Bele
Split Black Bean (Gram) / White Lenthils Urad Dal Uddina Bele
Bengal Gram Channa Dal Kadale Bele
Mung Beans Moong Dal Hesaru Bele
Red Lenthils Masoor Dal Kempu Togari Bele
Black Eyed Pea Chola or Lobia Alasande Kalu
Chick pea / Garbanzo beans Kabuli Channa Chnna Kalu
Maize / Corn Maki Jola / Gonjola
Peas Matar Batani
Red Kidney Beans Rajma Dal Rajama Kalu
Rice Chawal Akki
Long Grain Rice Basmati Rice Basumathi Akki
Small Grain Rice (Jeera Rice) Zeera Rice Jeera Akki
Roasted Gram Dalya Hurigadale / Putani
Whole Green Lenthils Moong ki Hari Dal Hesaru Kalu
Barley Jaun Barley
Finger Millet Ragi Ragi
Wheat Gehoon Godhi
Semolina Sooji Rawa / Rava
Rice Flattened Flakes / Beaten Rice Poha / Chewara Avalakki
Rice Puffed Murmura Mandakki / Kallepuri
Vermicelli Seviyan Shavige
Sago Sabudana Sabakki

Flours

English Hindi Kannada
Wheat / Whole Wheat Flour Gehoon Atta Godhi Hittu
All Purpose Flour / Refined Wheat Flour Maida Maida Hittu
Rice Flour Chawal ka Atta Akki Hittu
Bengal Gram Flour Besan Kadale Hittu
Corn Flour / Maize Flour Maki ka Atta Gonjolada Hittu

Fruits

English Hindi Kannada
Apple Seb Sebu Hannu
Custard Apple Sithaphal Sithaphala
Banana Kela Bale Hannu
Orange Santra kittale Hannu
Mango Aam Mavina Hannu
Grapes Angoor Drakshi
Sweet Lime Musambi Musambi
Water Melon Tarbooj Kallangadi Hannu
Avacado / Butter fruit Makhan Phal Butter fruit
Lime / Lemon Nimbu Limbe Hannu
Pappaya Papita Pappayi
Pineapple Ananas Ananas
Jackfruit Kathal Halasina Hannu
Strawberry Strawberry Strawberry
Gauva Amrood Sibekai / Sibe hannu / Perale Hannu
Muskmelon Karabooja Karabooja Hannu
Wood Apple, Bael, Stone Apple Bel Belada Hannu
Sapota / Sapodilla Plum Chickoo Chikku Hannu
Asian Pear Nashpati Mara Sebu
Pomegranate Anar Dalimbe Hannu
Jamoon Jambal Fruit Nerale Hannu
Kiwi - Kiwi Hannu

Vegetables

English Hindi Kannada
Beetroot Chacundar Beetroot
Carrot Gajar Gajjari
Potato Aloo Aloogadde / Batate
Onion Pyaaz Nirulli / Erulli / Ullagadde
Tomato Tamatar Tomato
Green Beans Flas Beans Huralikai / Beans
Okra / Ladies Finger Bhindi Bendekai
Egg Plant / Brinjal Baingan Badanekai
Drumstick Seeng / Muranka Nuggekai
Coconut Kopra Tenginakai
Bottle Gourd Doodhi Sorekai
Snake Gourd Chichinda Patlakai
Pumpkin Kadhu Kumbalakai
Ash gourd Petha Boodha Gumbalakai
Cucumber Kakdi Sowtekai
Cabbage Patta Gobi Cabbage
Cauliflower Phool Gobi Huvu kosu
Green Chilli Hara Mirch Hasimenasu
Bitter Gourd Karela Hagalakai
Radish Mooli Mulangi
Sweet Potato Shakarkand Genasu
Bell Pepper / Capsicum Shimla Mirch Dappa / Donna Menasinakai
Tapioca Simla Aloo -
Baby Corn Chota Makai Ele Jola
Chinese Okra / Ridge Gourd Turai Hirekai
Elephant Yam Suran Suvarnagadde
Gherkins Tondli / Kunthroo Tondekai
Plantain Kachcha Karela Balekai
Turnip Shalgam Navilkosu
Cluster Beans Gowaar Phali Gorikaayi
Chayote Squash - Seemebadanekai
Mushrooms Goochi Anabe
Lilva Beans Sem AvareKaayi
Sugarcane Ganne Kabbu

Oils

English Hindi Kannada
Sunflower Oil Sooraj-mukhi ka Tel Suryakanthi Enne
Coconut Oil Kopre ka Tel Tengina Enne
Groundnut / Peanut Oil Mungphali ka Tel Shenga Enne
Rice Bran Oil - -
Sesame Oil Til ka Tel Ellu Enne
Olive Oil - Olive Oil
Salad Oil - Salad Oil
Dalda / Vanaspati / Margarine Dalda Vanaspati

Sauces & Chutneys

English Hindi Kannada
Vinegar Sirka Vinegar
Soya Sauce Bhatma Sauce Soya Sauce
Green Chilli Sauce Hara Mirch Chutney Hasimenasina Sauce / Chutney
Red Chilli Sauce Lal Mirch Chutney Kempumenasina Sauce / Chutney
Tomato Sauce Tamatar Ke Chutney Tomato Sauce
Worchester Sauce - -
Tomato Ketchup - -
Ginger + Garlic Paste Adrak + Lehsun ka Chutney Shunti + Bellulli Chutney
Mint Chutney Pudina Chutney Pudina Chutney
Tamrind Chutney Imli ka Chutney Hunasehannina Chutney
Mayonnaise - -

Measurement Chart

Volume Equivalent to Coffee Measurement (ML)

Milli Liters Cups Tbsp / tsp
250 ml 1 Cup -
125 ml 1/2 Cup -
80 ml 1/3 Cup -
60 ml 1/4 cup -
30 ml 1/8 cup -
15 ml - 1 Tbsp
5 ml - 1 tsp
2.5 ml - 1/2 tsp
1.25 ml - 1/4 tsp

17 thoughts on “Recipes/Cooking Glossary

  1. Hi,
    All of ur recipes are too good. I have one doubt, what is Kitchen King Masala Powder. i haven’t heard of it b4. Pls tell me how to prepare the same.

    • Dhivya – Thanks for the kind comment. You can get Kitchen King Masala Powder in the Indian grocery stores. Kitchen King is a company based out of Tamil Nadu specializing in spicy products. If you have trouble finding it, you can try Masala Powders of other brands like Catch or MDH. My preference is Kitchen King for its taste. Hope this helps.

  2. All of ur recipes are too good, any classes conducting you madam,
    pleaze send the details, iam staying at bsk3rd stage, hosakerehalli,
    thankingyou,

    from
    vasanth

    • Vasanth – Glad you find my recipes helpful. I don’t conduct cooking classes. But I can provide you the address of someone who is an expert and has been conducting classes for many years now. She stays in Chandra Layout. Let me know if you want to try her classes and need more info.

  3. hai hema
    ur receipes are too good and mouth watering. i have tried some of ur receipes. the receipes are very attractive. can u tell me what is dosa rice please.

    • Jayashree – Thanks for the kind words and happy to hear that the recipes help. Dosa Rice is usually thicker with coarse texture and generally much cheaper than regular Sona Masoori rice used for cooking. Dosa’s prepared with this rice taste much better. Dosa rice is perhaps the cheapest rice available in the store (it’s still raw rice and not boiled one). Hope this helps.

  4. Hi Hema, I must say that you have done a neat job, very yummy delicious recipes, explained in simple words, each and every step is described clearly. I just love khara pongal, besi bele bath and all rice item. i would like to try the various pulav recipe you have mentioned.

    Thank you so much Hema, Keep up the good work

  5. hi hema,
    i have been trying out a few dishes from ur blog, and it has come out very well. they r very easy to prepare. thank u for sharing all these recipes. i would like to know whether u can make kalakand sweet without adding alum or pitakari. please let me know. thank you and do continue ur service

    • Vani – Happy to hear from you that these recipes are helping you. For Kalakand, I used Alum or Pitakari to “break” the Milk only. It does not impart any taste to the Kalakand as such. If you are having trouble finding Alum or Pitakari, you can have 1/2 tsp of Citric Acid dissolved in 1 Tbsp of warm water and then add to the Milk.

  6. Please let me know if y r planning to publish a book of your recipes. I will be the first one to buy it!!
    Love all your recipes and the detailed description of them.

  7. Hi Hema,

    I am glad that someone is Master in Kitchen who helps all to understand all the ingredients first of all.

    Few of them from the above list have updated wrongly. Could you please review and update it again.

    Keeping posting new recipes…..Good to share knowledge.

    Thanks & Regards,
    Pallavi

  8. Madam, I am beginner in cooking. I am shortly getting married. I am afraid as I am not a good cooker. Please provide some tips for the beginners. As I was working all these days, I didnt concentrate on cooking. please help me with good tips

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